Feminist Aksiyon Filmin İmkanı: Mad Max Fury Road Üzerine
Gökçe Baydar

Öz

Bu makale, Mad Max Fury Road’un analizi yoluyla popüler olanın içinde direniş imkanını feminist/eleştirel bir perspektiften tartışıyor. Bunu yapabilmek için tür sineması ve aksiyon türünü tartışarak aksiyon türünü belli bir anlatı kapsamında değerlendiriyor ve incelenen filmdeki kadınlık ve beden, liderlik/kolektivite temaları üzerinden feminist bir eleştiri gerçekleştiriyor. Bunu metin ve bağlam ilişkisini göz önünde bulundurarak, incelenen filmin türün uylaşımlarına benzeşmediği noktalara değinerek, feminist medya çalışmalarına konu olmuş popüler örneklerle ilişki kurarak ve postfeminizm tartışması aracılığıyla yapıyor. 

Anahtar Terimler

feminizm; aksiyon filmi; Mad Max Fury Road; postfeminizm, popüler kültür
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17572/mj2015.2.104134

Kaynakça

Abisel, N. (1999). Popüler Sinema ve Türler. İstanbul: Alan.

Brown, J. A. (2004). Gender, Sexuality, and Toughness: The Bad Girls of Action Film and Comic Books. Sherrie A. Innes (Ed.) Action Chicks: New Images of Tough Women in Popular Culture içinde (s. 47-74). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Clarey, A. (11 Mayıs 2015). “Why You Should Not Go See Mad Max Feminist Road”. http://www.returnofkings.com/63036/why-you-should-not-go-see-mad-max-feminist-road (Erişim Tarihi: 23.09.2015).

Cox, S. (1 Haziran 2015). Mad Max: Feminist Revolution or two-hour long action sequence? Feminist Current. http://www.feministcurrent.com/2015/06/01/mad-max-feminist-revolution-or-two-hour-long-action-sequence/ (Erişim Tarihi: 15 Eylül 2015).

D’Acci, J. (1994). Defining Women: Television and the Case of Cagney & Lacey. Chapel Hill & Londra: University of North Carolina.

Dockterman, E. (7 Mayıs 2015). Vagina Monologues Writer Eve Ensler: How Mad Max: Fury Road Became a ‘Feminist Action Film’. TIME. http://time.com/3850323/mad-max-fury-road-eve-ensler-feminist/ (Erişim Tarihi: 27 Eylül 2015).

Donovan, B. W. (2010). Blood, Guns and Testosterone: Action Films, Audiences, and a Thirst for Violence. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow.

Feminist Mad Max Tumblr sitesi- feministmadmax.tumblr.com (Erişim Tarihi: 23 Eylül 2015).

Ferreday, D. (2015). Game of Thrones, Rape Culture and Feminist Fandom, Australian Feminist Studies, 30: 83, 21-36.

Festival De Cannes (16 Mayıs 2015) Cannes 2015 - MAD MAX FURY ROAD by George MILLER (Press conference) [Video]. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-xV8A7ZL5w (Erişim Tarihi: 20 Eylül 2015).

Genz, S. ve Brabon, B. A. (2009). Postfeminism: Cultural Texts and Theories. Edinburgh University.

Gibson, P. C. (2004). Introduction: Popular Culture. Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie, Rebecca Munford (ed.) Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration içinde. (s. 137-141). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Gill, R. (2007). Gender and the Media. Cambridge: Polity.

Gledhill, C. (1999). Pleasurable Negotiations. Sue Thornham (Ed.) Feminist Film Theory: A Reader içinde (s.166-179). Edinburgh University.

Gorton, K. (2004). (Un)fashionable Feminists: The Media and Ally McBeal. Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie, Rebecca Munford (Ed.) Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration içinde (s. 154-164). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Henderson, D. (12 Nisan 2015). All About That Gender Parity: Meghan Trainor doesn’t identify as a feminist, yet she benefits (and borrows) from feminism. Fusion. http://fusion.net/story/117355/meghan-trainor-doesnt-identify-as-a-feminist-yet-she-benefits-and-borrows-from-feminism/ (Erişim Tarihi: 20 Eylül 2015).

Higgins, S. (2008). Suspenseful Situations: Melodramatic Narrative and the Contemporary Action Film. Cinema Journal, 47 (2), 74-96.

Johnston, C. (1999). Women's Cinema As Counter-Cinema. Sue Thornham (Ed.) Feminist Film Theory: A Reader içinde (s. 32-41). Edinburgh University.

King, T. (20 Mayıs 2015). No, Mad Max: Fury Road is not a feminist masterpiece (but that’s OK) http://www.newstatesman.com/culture/2015/05/no-mad-max-fury-road-not-feminist-masterpiece-s-ok (Erişim Tarihi: 20 Eylül 2015).

Knight, G.L. (2010). Action Heroes: A Guide to Women in Comics, Video Games, Film, and Television. Santa Barbara California: Greenwood.

Kuhn, A. (1999). Women’s Genres: Melodrama, Soap Opera and Theory. Sue Thornham (Ed) Feminist Film Theory: A Reader içinde (s.146-157). Edinburgh University.

Lumenick, L. (12 Mayıs 2015) Feminist Warrior Charlize Theron fuels a revved-up Mad Max, NY Post. http://nypost.com/2015/05/12/feminist-warrior-charlize-theron-fuels-a-revved-up-mad-max/ (Erişim Tarihi: 23 Eylül 2015).

Magnett, C. (17 Mayıs 2015). Why 'Mad Max: Fury Road' Really Belongs To Imperator Furiosa. http://comicbook.com/2015/05/16/mad-max-fury-road-blazes-a-trail-to-escape-patriarchal-storytell/ (Erişim Tarihi: 20 Eylül 2015).

Makinen, M. (2001). Feminist Popular Fiction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Miller, G. (Yönetmen). Mad Max Fury Road [Film]. ABD, Kanada, Bahamas: Warner Bros, Village Roadshow Films.

Mulvey, L. (1997). Feminist Film Eleştiri Manifestosu: Görsel Haz ve Anlatı Sineması 25. Kare. 21, 38-46.

Munford, R. (2004). ‘Wake Up and Smell the Lipgloss’: Gender, Generation and the (A)politics of Girl Power. Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie, Rebecca Munford (Ed.) Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration içinde (s.142-153). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Pantozzi, J. (18 Mayıs 2015). We Will No Longer Be Promoting HBO’s Game of Thrones http://www.themarysue.com/we-will-no-longer-be-promoting-hbos-game-of-thrones/ (Erişim Tarihi: 14 Haziran 2015).

Pender, P. (2004). ‘Kicking Ass is Comfort Food’: Buffy as Third Wave Feminist Icon. Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie, Rebecca Munford (Ed.) Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration içinde (s. 164-174). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Pope, R. (2012). Doing Justice: A Ritual-Psychoanalytic Approach to Postmodern Melodrama and a Certain Tendency of the Action Film. Cinema Journal, 51 (2), 113-136.

Purse, L. (2011). Return of the “Angry Woman”: Authenticating Female Physical Action in Contemporary Cinema. Melanie Waters (Ed.) Women on Screen: Feminism and Femininity in Visual Culture içinde (s. 185-198). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Redfern, C. ve Aune, K. (2012). Baş Harfi F. Aksu Bora ve Simten Coşar (Çev.). İstanbul: Ayizi.

Robertson, A. (20 Mayıs 2015). Misogynists are totally right to be mad at Mad Max: Exploding a treasured post-apocalyptic fantasy. The Verge. http://www.theverge.com/2015/5/20/8620229/mad-max-fury-road-anti-feminist-mens-rights-boycott (Erişim Tarihi: 27 Eylül 2015).

Ross, S. (2004). “Tough Enough”: Female Friendship and Heroism in Xena and Buffy. Sherrie A. Innes (Ed.) Action Chicks: New Images of Tough Women in Popular Culture içinde (s. 231-256). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Showden, C. R. (2009) What's Political about the New Feminisms? Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2 (2009), pp. 166-198.

Smith, K. (14 Mayıs 2015) Why Mad Max Fury Road is the Feminist Picture of the Year. NY Post. http://nypost.com/2015/05/14/why-mad-max-fury-road-is-the-feminist-picture-of-the-year/ (Erişim Tarihi: 23 Eylül 2015).

Stasia, C. L. (2004). ‘Wham! Bam! Thank You Ma’am!’: The New Public/Private Female Action Hero. Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie, Rebecca Munford (Eds) Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration içinde (s. 175-185). New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Tasker, Yvonne (2002). Spectacular Bodies. Taylor & Francis e-Library.

wangyu (10 Haziran 2015). [web yorumu] “Deli Deliyi Görünce Üstüne Kamyon Sürermiş”, 5 Harfliler sitesi, http://www.5harfliler.com/mad-max-fury-road-deli-deliyi-gorunce-ustune-kamyon-surermis/ (Erişim Tarihi: 23 Eylül 2015).

Williams, L. (1999). Film Bodies: Gender, Genre and Excess, Sue Thornham (Ed.) Feminist Film Theory: A Reader içinde (s.267- 281). Edinburgh University.

Youngs, I. (24 Mayıs 2015). Eve Ensler on trafficking drama and why Mad Max is feminist. BBC. http://www.bbc.com/news/entertainment-arts-32824637 (Erişim Tarihi: 23 Eylül 2015).